Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Preschool and Kindergarten Goals

Before you read these, please keep in mind that these are just loose goals.  They give me a trajectory and organization.  I can plan activities better when I know what skills I want them to help him practice.  There is no pressure on Xander (or me) to accomplish these within a given time frame.  I strive to keep him stimulated and challenged, while at the same time make sure learning is fun!    

A lot of this list comes from the Iowa educational standards, although I added some things and took away others.  I also used the lists of goals that accompany his Right Start Math and All About Spelling programs.  I tried to find academic goals that were a natural progression from his current abilities.  For better or worse, most of those came from the kindergarten level (which is why I labeled it both preschool and kindergarten goals).  I'm not sure what that will mean when he is school age and has to go to school , but we will cross that bridge when we come to it.  For now, I'll just work on keeping him stimulated and LOVING learning.

Literacy Goals
  • Alphabetizing
    • From beginning to end
    • What letter comes next from a random point in the alphabet
  • With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
  • With prompting and support, identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.
  • With prompting and support, describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text.
  • Understand beginning, middle, & ending sounds in words
  • Sequence events from a story
  • Be able to write all of the letters
  • Identify basic punctuation(period, exclamation, question mark, comma, quotes)
  • Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.
  • Understand that words are separated by spaces in print.
  • Recognize and produce rhyming words.
  • Identify number of syllables
  • Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.
  • Understand and use question words (interrogatives) (e.g., who, what, where, when, why, how).
  • Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I.

Math Goals
  • Numeration
    • Can count out 31 objects and arrange in groups of tens
    • Can recognize quantities 1-100 and represent them on abacus
    • Can represent quantities 1-100 with numbers (if not physically)
    • Counting to 100
      • By ones
      • By fives
      • By tens
    • Count to 20 by 2s
    • Knows ordinal numbers to 1st-10th
    • Knows even numbers to 20
    • Knows odd numbers to 19
  • Money
    • Can identify penny, nickel, dime, quarter, dollar
  • Place value
    • knows 10 ones is 1 ten
    • knows 10 tens is 1 hundred
    • knows, for example, 45 as 4-ten 5
  • Addition
    • Understands addition as combining parts to form a whole or putting together
    • Knows number combinations equal to 10
    • knows number combinations up to 10
  • Subtraction
    • Understands subtraction as missing addend
    • Understands subtraction as separating or taking apart
  • Problem Solving
    • Can solve addition problems
    • Can solve missing addend problems
  • Geometry
    • Knows mathematical names of triangle, rectangle, and circle
    • Recognizes 3D shapes
    • Knows parallel and perpendicular lines
    • Can continue a pattern
    • Mentally rotate a 2D shape (tangrams)
  • Time
    • Knows days of the week
    • Knows months of the year
    • Can tell time to the hour
  • Identify math symbols +, -, =, <, >
  • Compare numbers (greater than, less than, equal to)
  • Compare attributes
    • Which holds more, takes up more space, is longer, is wider, etc
    • Sort by categories

Science Goals
  • Asking questions and defining problems
  • Making observations
  • Making and testing predictions
  • Understanding cause and effect
  • Identifying and continuing patterns
  • Scale, Proportion and Quantity
    • use relative scales (e.g., bigger and smaller; hotter and colder; faster and slower) to describe objects

Practical Life
  • Tying shoes
  • Sweeping
  • Cleaning table
  • Hanging towels/wash cloths
  • Dressing and undressing by himself

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